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To download a list of projects by this architect in an Excel spreadsheet, see the Project Index. For instructions on interpreting the Project Index, see The Guide to the Project Index.
See the Julia Morgan Collection, 1893-1980 finding aid
and the Julia Morgan/Forney Collection, 1907-1931 finding aid at the Online Archive of California.
Julia Morgan was born in Oakland and in 1894 graduated from the College of Civil Engineering at University of California, Berkeley, where she met architect Bernard Maybeck. She was the first women to graduate in architecture (1901) from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. Morgan returned to the Bay Area and worked for John Galen Howard, the UC Berkeley campus architect. In 1905 she opened her own office in San Francisco and later moved her practice to Oakland. Morgan collaborated with architects Ira Wilson Hoover, Maybeck, and engineer Walter Steilberg. Morgan is well known for her residences, but she also designed numerous institutional buildings such as churches, schools, hospitals, university buildings, swimming pools and a series of YWCA buildings.
|One of Morgan's largest commissions was William Randolph Hearst's La Cuesta Encantada, popularly known as Hearst Castle, in San Simeon. In 1919 she began work on the lavish and enormous compound, a project which continued for nearly twenty years. Other designs for Hearst included a commercial building in San Francisco, Wyntoon estate in Siskiyou County, the San Francisco Medieval Museum, a residence for Marion Davies in Santa Monica, and the Babicora Hacienda in Mexico. Although the exact number of projects by Julia Morgan is unknown, over her career she is believed to have designed more than seven hundred buildings, most of which were constructed. She closed her office in 1951 at the age of seventy-nine.|
|Related Collections: Bernard Maybeck, Edward B. Hussey, Walter T. Steilberg.|
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