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Speaker: Mohammad Mehdi Azizi, Professor, School of Urban Planning, College of Fine Arts, University of Tehran
Neighborhood issue may have a dominant role within the recent debates on urban planning, such as sustainable development, compact cities, urban consolidation and smart growth. Most of these debates have devoted to urban planning improvement at the city level, while neighborhoods can be the ultimate destinations. Sustainable development at the scale of neighborhoods requires further consideration and research. Changes in economic, social, environmental and physical factors have had significant negative impacts on the neighborhood efficiency in fulfilling residential requirements. In the context of policy for density increase, the main concern is the issue of carrying capacity at the neighborhood level. Decisions on density increase may have negative impacts on carrying capacity in neighborhood, resulting in the daily life of residents. Carrying capacity of a neighborhood requires the recognition and evaluation of many issues.
Some established neighborhoods are known as identified, lively and in general, sustainable neighborhoods, such as many neighborhoods in Tehran. This research is an effort towards examining sustainable neighborhood development aspects, using a case study in Tehran. It is assumed that the principles and criteria of a sustainable neighborhood would be observed in these neighborhoods, such as identity, liveliness, reliance, symbolization, security, accessibility and conveniences. However, there is a serious concern regarding its sustainability in near future. The density of neighborhoods has been increased remarkably in recent years, likely to reach their thresholds, neighborhood decline, losing their identity and quality of life. While there are many sustainable neighborhoods having such futures, what is the planning response to this conflict, the needs of density increase and neighborhood quality?
Tuesday, December 10
4 - 5 PM
316D Wurster Hall
Refreshments and snacks will be provided. Please feel free to bring a dish to share!
October 14—IURD Director Robert Cervero was among 11 people named in the Transportation sector for UBM's Future Cities top 100 innovators worldwide for 2013.
In naming Cervero, who is Professor of City and Regional Planning at UC Berkeley, the story noted that he is "an inspirational and influential longtime leader in the realm of transit-oriented development (TOD) and a strong proponent of car sharing and land use policies that favor sustainable transportation."
Jia-Ching Chen, a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of City & Regional Planning, and a former GSR at IURD, has been selected as a Switzer Environmental Fellow by the Robert and Patricia Switzer Foundation for his work on China's role in the global green economy, and its impact on global food and energy resources. Jia-Ching's research examines the negative impact of rapid construction of the Chinese solar industry, national industrial policy and land use planning practices on rural society and environments in China. Read more >>>
Transit and Land-Use Integration for Sustainable Urban Development
Co-authored by IURD Director Robert Cervero, along with Hiroaki Suzuki and Kanako Iuchi, now available from the World Bank.
"Transforming Cities with Transit' explores the complex process of transit and land-use integration in rapidly growing cities in developing countries. As one of the most promising strategies for advancing environmental sustainability, economic competitiveness, and socially inclusive development in fast-growing cities, transit and land-use integration is increasingly being embraced by policy-makers at all levels of government. This book focuses on identifying barriers to and opportunities for effective coordination of transport infrastructure and urban development. Global best-case practices of transit-oriented metropolises that have direct relevance to cities in developing countries are first introduced. Key institutional, regulatory, and financial constraints that hamper integration and opportunities to utilize transit to guide sustainable urban development are examined in selected cities in developing countries. For this, the book analyzes their Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems and their impact on land development. The book formulates recommendations and implementation strategies to overcome barriers and take advantage of opportunities. It asserts that unprecedented opportunities have and will continue to arise for the successful integration of transit and land development in much of the developing world. Many cities in developing countries currently exhibit the pre-requisites - e.g., rapid growth, rising real incomes, and increased motorization and congestion levels - for BRT and railway investments to trigger meaningful land-use changes in economically and financially viable ways. Recommendations for creating more sustainable cities of the future range from macro-level strategies that influence land development and governance at the metropolitan scale to micro-level initiatives, like Transit Oriented Development (TOD), that can radically transform development patterns at the neighborhood level. The book will be of interest to a wide and diverse audience, including mayors, council members and other national and local policy makers, urban and transportation planners, transit-agency officials, and developers and staff of development financial institutions and others involved with TOD projects in rapidly growing and motorizing cities of the developing world."
The California Air Resources Board (ARB) selected a project led by a team of UC Berkeley researchers composed of IURD Associate Director Karen Chapple and IURD faculty affiliates Daniel Chatman and Paul Waddell and a team led by Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris and Paul Ong of the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs to develop ways to measure and predict the potential displacement of low-income communities of color as a result of increasing investment in transit-oriented development (TOD). The proposal is titled Developing a New Methodology for Analyzing Potential Displacement.
The award was announced at the ARB's June 27 meeting, where a total of 11 research projects was approved.
This project is housed in the Policy Impacts and Investment Research Cluster of IURD's Sustainable and Inclusive Regions Initiative: SIRI.
Re-issued with new introduction by the author.
Suburban Gridlock was written in the mid-1980s at the height of the third wave of suburbanization, namely jobs, which followed in the steps of the first wave, households, and the second, retail. Though suburbanization has never been quite this tidy and sequential, this order of events is more or less right, characterizing much of America's metropolitan growth during the twentieth century....from the introduction to the 2013 edition.